For people seeking instant weight loss and flat belly, keto is becoming the new trend setter. While some suggest that it is the best diet plan they have tried, many believe that the keto diet can be dangerous for health causing illness and even ending to death. So let us take a look on the different aspects of a keto diet.
What is a keto diet?
Keto diet works on the principle of ‘ketosis’. It is an extremely low or no- carbohydrate diet, the people in favour state that it uses body’s own system to break down the fats and help in significant weight loss in a small time period. Ketosis is the process where eating low or no carbohydrates produces a molecule called ‘ketone’ in the blood stream , which results in low sugar level and hence the body starts breaking fat into energy.
Keto diet can help you to lose up to 10 kilograms of weight in just a week and this rapid results are the reason for it being the talk of the town. But a contradicting study states that people regain the fat in a year itself.
Keto in our daily lives.
Till date, keto diet has been proven effective for many dieters. It is assumed that the keto diet might be a good solution for people struggling with overweight and obesity. Thousands of keto followers have showed support stating that the diet provides instant results in the weighing scale with very less side effects like easily manageable fatigue.
On an average, patients lose about 10.2 kilograms after 2.5 cycles of keto which concludes it to be a success for people who are obese and overweight.
The diet also proves to work as a therapy, for years Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital, has been using keto to help ease the children suffering from epilepsy.
But critics state that food is a gift of nature meant to nourish our bodies and starving our bodies by cutting out the nutrients might just not be the best thing to do. The whole purpose of a diet should be to make us healthy, not starved and nutrient deprived.
What happens when we only take keto diet?
Ketosis is all about limiting the carbs and depending on fats , when we make keto as our permanent mate, our body relies on this fats for energy.
While keto can be proven good for a fast and short term goal it is not good for our body in a long term as it can have many side effects such as;
- The sudden depletion in the amount of carbs can cause keto flu that might give you symptoms like headache, nausea, fatigue and constipation. The reason is being dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
- While most people come back to normal in a few days it is recommended to keep a check on this sypmtoms and meet an expert if needed.
- Foods like egg, meat and cheese are the key ingredients in this diet but consumption of high fat animal foods in a large amount can cause your urine to become more acidic leading kidney stones. Hence people with chronic kidney disease should avoid this diet as it reduces the amount of citrate in urine hence leading to a state called acidosis which might worsen the progression of CKD.
- As the diet reduces the intake of high carb fruits, starchy vegetables, whole grains, and beans which are extremely rich in fiber it comprises the bacteria present in our guts which are beneficial for our body. Hence resulting in indigestion and constipation. As our digestion is linked to our immunity this might make our immunity system weak.
- The diet could eventually lead to nutrient deficiency as it fails to provide the body with vitamins and minerals such as potassium, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids , psyllium fiber and vitamin B, C and E.
- While this diet can be effective for people suffering from type 2-diabetes. But it can be dangerous for those suffering from type 1 diabetes with a high risk of episodes. In laymen’s language low carb diets can be considered good for managing blood sugar level but it can also end up increasing the chances of low sugar level events.
- As your body adjusts to Ketosis it might result in decreased bone strength due to decreases bone density. But there are no proven facts and further research is needed.
- While there are no strong evidences, rumors has it that low card diseases rich in high fat animal food might decrease your life span increasing the chances of chronic disease such as heart disease, cancer etc.
Mishti Mukherjee an actress in her mid-30 was succumbed by a painful death. While the cause of death was kidney failures, her publicist suggest that she developed a renal infection when she was on keto diet.
While everyone desires a flawless body with the perfect curves it is important to understand that what we actually need is a healthy life. Ketosis might be a good idea for those seeking temporary solutions on a long run starving your body is not the correct approach. The best way to lose weight is to set a realistic approach and work hard for it even if it takes time. A perfect diet is the one that includes:
- A balanced diet.
- Regular exercise.
- And Meets your long term health goals.